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Caring for water streams

Water stream conservation measures have accelerated globally in response to the pressing need for environmental stewardship. Acknowledging the immense importance of water streams for maintaining ecological balance and human well-being is required to protect these vital resources for our world.

Water streams are essential to life as they support agriculture, offer habitats to plants and animals, and are a significant source of drinking water for people worldwide. In addition, nutrient cycling, flood mitigation, and climate regulation are all facilitated by healthy water streams, which protect the fragile ecosystem balance. In alignment with Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs), particularly Goal 6: Clean Water and Sanitation, the preservation of water streams is paramount. Ensuring their health and vitality means promoting equitable access to clean water and sewerage services, mitigating water scarcity, and protecting biodiversity. The care given to water streams frequently determines the quality of treated and drinkable water supply for households and animals. This also says that throwing toxic chemicals and other non-biodegradable items like plastic should be avoided due to the danger they
pose to humans and aquatic life.

Efforts to care for water streams encompasses a range of strategies. Amongst many of them, includes:

·       Pollution reduction: Implement measures to reduce pollution from industrial activities, agriculture, and urban runoff. This can include stricter regulations, proper waste management systems, and promoting eco-friendly practices.

·    Treatment plants:  Invest in advanced water treatment plants to remove pollutants and ensure produced water meets drinking water quality standards. Regular maintenance and upgrades of existing facilities are also essential.

·       Watershed management: Focus on watershed management strategies to prevent contamination of water sources and implement land use practices. This involves protecting and restoring the natural areas that feed into rivers, dams, and groundwater reservoirs.

·       Community engagement: Involve the community in initiatives geared towards water streams care, while inculcating the importance of water quality and the actions that community members can take to protect water streams. Education campaigns can help foster a sense of responsibility and encourage community involvement.


Through collaborative initiatives involving the Government of Lesotho, the Lesotho Electricity and Water Authority (LEWA), the Water and Sewerage Company (WASCO), the ReNOKA, local communities and other stakeholders, noticeable progress is being made towards safeguarding these invaluable natural resources. The role of LEWA in caring for water streams is pronounced in the Act of 2002, as amended, that one of its functions is to ensure that every person living in Lesotho has access to a safe, clean and continuous water supply.

However, sustainable water management requires ongoing commitment and collective action. Prioritizing the care of water streams not only safeguards human health and well-being but also upholds responsibility as stewards of the environment, working towards a more resilient and sustainable future for generations to come. Therefore, protecting and caring for water streams is essential for environmental sustainability and public health.

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